Pronouns

Put simply a pronoun is a word used in place of a noun to avoid too frequent repetition of the noun. As usual nothing is as simple as it at first appears. There are eight different kinds of pronouns. This is best explained by a list of the names and examples of each.

  1. Personal: I, we, he, she, they
  2. Possessive: mine, his hers, ours, theirs
  3. Reflexive and Emphasizing: myself, himself, ourselves, themselves
  4. Demonstrative: this, that, such, same
  5. Interrogative: who?, which?, what?
  6. Relative: who, which, what, that, as, whoever, whichever
  7. Indefinite: one, any, some, all, none, no one, nothing, anyone, anything, something, somebody, another
  8. Distributive: each, either, neither, every

The examples are not exhaustive nor is the classification universally accepted. Pronouns can also be used as adjectives in many situations. Again a list is most useful here

  1. Possessive: The car is mine; This is my car.
  2. Reflexive: Himself; cannot be used as an adjective
  3. Emphasizing: Myself; not used as an adjective
  4. Demonstrative: I do not deal with such; Such animals are beautiful
  5. Relative: The ball which he threw is here; Which things are true; I know what clothes you like
  6. Interrogative: What is the matter?; What animal is that? : Which is mine?; Which animal?
  7. Indefinite: First one thing then another.; Give me another book.: Some said this others that.; Some money. - other paper. : Have you any?; Is there any news?
  8. Distributive: Each is a metre long.; Each day brings Christmas closer.: Either will do.; I can write with either hand.

In every case the first short sentence uses the word as a pronoun and the second uses it as an adjective. Once again there are further terms and usages of pronouns. They can sometimes serve a double purpose as both a pronoun and a conjunction but more advanced work on pronouns is not needed here.

Grammar

Sentences

Nouns

Pronouns

Adjectives

Verbs

Adverbs

Prepositions

Conjunctions

Interjections

Punctuation

A SHORT ENGLISH GRAMMAR

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